acronymsProfessionals frequently use abbreviations to form acronyms to describe terms. The disability field is no exception.

These are some of the more commonly used acronyms and the term each describes. These terms cover the areas of disabilities and health conditions, and services and related medical terms. This information is designed especially for parents of children with disabilities and professionals serving those families.

Part One  – Definitions & Requirements.

Part Two – Common Misconceptions & Benefits.

Part Three – Being on The Child’s Team

List of Medical Conditions & Disorders

List of National Organizations & Resources

List of Frequently Asked Questions

ABA Applied Behavior Analysis

ADA Americans with Disabilities Act

ADC Adult Disabled Children; Aid to Dependent Children (more commonly called AFDC)

ADD Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADL Activities of Daily Living

AHCA Agency for Health Care Administration

APD Agency for Persons with Disabilities

APE Adapted Physical Education

APR Annual Performance Report

ARC Association for Retarded Citizens

ASD Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASHA American Speech/Language Hearing Association

ASL American Sign Language

AT Assistive Technology

ATEN Assistive Technology Educational Network

AU Autism

AUT Autistic

AWI Agency for Workforce Innovation

AYP Adequate Yearly Progress

BD Behavior Disorders

BEESS Bureau of Exceptional Education and Student Services

BIP Behavioral Intervention Plan

BPD Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

CA Chronological Age

CAN Child Abuse and Neglect

C.A.R.D. Center for Autism and Related Disabilities

CAT Scan Computerized Axial Tomography (sometimes referred to as CT Scan)

CBC Complete Blood Count

CCITC Child Care Information Training Center

CCR&R Child Care Resource & Referral

CD Cognitive DelayCDB Childhood Disability Benefit

CDH Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

CEC Council for Exceptional Children

CF Cystic Fibrosis

CF Child Find

CHADD Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder

CHD Congenital Heart Disease

CHRIS Children’s Registry & Information System

CHS Children’s Home Society

CIFMP Continuous Improvement and Focused Monitoring Process

CMS Children’s Medical Services

CMV Cytomegalovirus

CNS Central Nervous System

COTA Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant

CP Cerebral Palsy

CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

CPHU County Public Health Unit

CPI Crisis Prevention Intervention

CS Cesarean Section

CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid

CSPD Comprehensive System of Personnel Development

DAC Disabled Adult Child

DAP Developmentally Appropriate Practices

DB Deaf-Blindness

DBS Division of Blind Services

DCF Department of Children and Families

DCS Department of Child Services

DD Developmental Disabilities

DD Developmentally Delayed

DDC Developmental Disabilities Council

DEI Developmental Evaluation and Intervention

DHR U.S. Department of Human Resources

D/HOH Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing or D/HH

D&E Diagnosis and Evaluation

DOE Department of Education

DOH Department of Health

DPH Due Process Hearing

DPHO Due Process Hearing Officer

DS Developmental Services

DSI Dual Sensory Impaired

Dx Diagnosis

ECG Electrocardiogram

ECMO Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

ED/EH Emotional Disorder/Emotionally Handicapped

EEG Electroencephalogram

EI Early Intervention

EIP Early Intervention Program

EMR/EMH Educable Mentally Retarded/Handicapped

ENT Ear, Nose and Throat

EPSDT Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment

ESE Exceptional Student Education

ESY Extended School Year

FAAST Florida Alliance for Assistive Services and Technology

FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education

FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

FASD Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

FBA Functional Behavior Assessment

FCC Family Care Councils

FERPA Family Education Rights &and Privacy ActFHR Fetal Heart Rate

FM Focused Monitoring

FND Family Network on Disabilities

FRS Family Resource SpecialistF/T Full Time

FTE Full Time Equivalency

FTT Failure to Thrive

GI Gastrointestinal

GP Gifted Program

HH Hospitalized/Homebound

HHSB Health and Human Services Board

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act

HI/HH Hearing Impaired/Handicaps

HMO Health Maintenance Organization

HRAC Human Rights Advocacy Committee

Hx History

IBC Infant Bioethics Committee

ICC Interagency Coordinating Council

ICF Intermediate Care Facility

ICRC Infant Care Review Committee

ID Immune Deficiency

IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act – now the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act

IDT Interdisciplinary Team

IEP Individual Educational Plan

IEP Individualized Education Program

IFSP Individualized Family Service Plan

IFSP Individualized Family Support Plan

IH Infantile Hydrocephalus

IHP Individualized Habilitation Plan

I&O Intake and Output

IQ Intelligence Quotient

I&R Information & Referral

IS Infant Stimulation

ISP Individual Service Plan

ISS In School Suspension

ITP Individualized Transition Plan

IUGR Intrauterine Growth Retardation

IVH Intraventricular Hemorrhage

IV Intravenous

LA Lead Agency

LBR Legislative Budget Request

LBW Low Birth Weight

LD Learning Disability

LEA Local Education Agency

LICC Local Interagency Community Collaboration

LP Learning Plan

LRE Least Restrictive Environment

LT Language Therapy

MA Mental Age

MBD Minimal Brain Dysfunction

MCH Maternal and Child Health

MD Multiple Disabilities

MD Muscular Dystrophy

MDT Multidisciplinary Team

MH Mental Health

MR Mental Retardation

MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MS Multiple Sclerosis

NAEYC National Association for the Education of Young Children

NCLB No Child Left Behind

NDSS National Down Syndrome Society

NE Natural Environment

NEC Necrotizing Enterocolitis

NECTAC National Early Childhood and Technical Assistance Center

NICHCY National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities

NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

NORD National Organization for Rare Disorders

NPND National Parent Network on Disabilities

NPO Nothing by mouth

NSVD Normal Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery

NTD Neural Tube Defect

OCR Office for Civil Rights

OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder

OEL Office of Early Learning

OH Orthopedically Handicapped

OHI Other Health Impaired

OI Osteogenesis Imperfecta

OI Orthopedic Impairment

OM Otitis Media

O&M Orientation & Mobility

OSEP Office of Special Education Programs

OSERS Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services

OT Occupational Therapy/Therapist

P & A Protection and Advocacy

Part B Special Education – School-Aged Children, ages 3 through 21

Part C Special Education – Birth to 36 months

PASS Plan for Achieving Self-Support

PCA Personal Care Attendant

PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PE Physical Education

PH Physically Handicapped

PI Physically Impaired

PICU Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

PKU Phenylketonuria

PMR/PMH Profoundly Mentally Retarded/Handicapped

PPA Per Pupil Allocation

PPEC Prescribed Pediatric Extended Care

PR Progress Report

PRN Whenever Necessary

PSC Primary Service Coordinator

PT Physical Therapy/Therapist

P/T Part Time

PTA Parent Teacher Association

PTP Parent To Parent Support Group

QA Quality Assurance

QI Quality Initiative

RDS Respiratory Distress Syndrome

RPC Regional Policy Council

RPICC Regional Perinatal Intensive Care Center

R&R Resource and Referral

RRC Regional Resource Center

RS Resource Specialist

RS Related Services

RT Recreational Therapy

Rx Prescription

SA Self-Assessment

SAC School Advisory Committee

SBAA Spina Bifida Association of America

SC Service Coordinator

SCAN Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect

SD Severe Disability

SE Special Education

SEA State Education Agency

Section 619 Special Education – ages 3 to 5

SED Severely Emotionally Disturbed

SEDNET Service Network for Children who are Severely Emotionally Disturbed

SGA Small for Gestational Age

SI Sensory Integration

SID Sensory Integration Disorder

SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

SIG State Improvement Grant

SIP State Improvement Plan

SL Speech Language

S/LI Speech/Language Impaired

S/LT Speech/Language Therapy

SLD Specific Learning Disabilities

SLP Speech Language Pathologist

SLP Student Learning Plan

SPP State Performance Plan

SSDI Social Security Disability Income

SSI Supplementary Security Income

ST Speech Therapy

STEPS Sequenced Transition to Education in the Public Schools

STO Short Term Objective

TA Technical Assistance

TANF Temporary Assistance For Needy Families

TASH The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps

TATS Technical Assistance and Training System Project

TBI Traumatic Brain Injury

TDD Telecommunications Device for the Deaf

TMR/TMH Trainable Mentally Retarded/Handicapped

TP Temporary Placement

TPN Total Parental Nutrition

TEACCH Treatment and Education of Autism and Related Communication Handicapped Children

TS Tourette Syndrome

T-TA Training and Technical Assistance

Tx Treatment

UCP United Cerebral Palsy

URI Upper Respiratory Infection

USDE United States Department of Education

UTI Urinary Tract Infection

VE Varying Exceptionalities

VI/VH Visually Impaired/Handicapped

VLBW Very Low Birth Weight

VR Vocational Rehabilitation

VS Vital Signs

VPK Voluntary Prekindergarten Education Program

WIC Women, Infants and Children Program

WT Welfare Transition Program

Back to Part One – Definitions & Requirements

Back to Part Two – Misconceptions & Benefits

Back to Part Three – Being on The Child’s Team

List of Medical Conditions & Disorders

List of National Organizations & Resources

List of Frequently Asked Questions

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